Answer: Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death.

As a Nigeria, we must say the Human Right Pledge

Human Rights Pledge

I will respect your rights regardless of who you are. I will uphold your rights even when I disagree with you

When anyone’s human rights are denied, everyone’s rights are undermined, so I will STAND UP

I will raise my voice. I will take action. I will use my rights to stand up for your rights


The Chapter IV of 1999 Nigeria constitution states the following fundamental human rights;

  1. Every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in Nigeria.
  2. Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of his person
  3. Every person shall be entitled to his personal liberty
  4. A person shall be entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by a court or other tribunal established by law
  5. Every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference.
  6. Every person shall be entitled to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom
  7. Every person shall be entitled to assemble freely and associate with other persons, and in particular he may form or belong to any political party, trade union or any other association for the protection of his interests
  8. Every citizen of Nigeria is entitled to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof, and no citizen of Nigeria shall be expelled from Nigeria or refused entry thereby or exit therefrom.
  9. Every citizen of Nigeria shall have the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.